Linux内核命令行参数八

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noiotrap [SH] Disables trapped I/O port accesses.

noirqdebug [X86-32] Disables the code which attempts to detect and
disable unhandled interrupt sources.

no_timer_check [X86,APIC] Disables the code which tests for
broken timer IRQ sources.

noisapnp [ISAPNP] Disables ISA PnP code.

noinitrd [RAM] Tells the kernel not to load any configured
initial RAM disk.

nointremap [X86-64, Intel-IOMMU] Do not enable interrupt
remapping.
[Deprecated - use intremap=off]

nointroute [IA-64]

noinvpcid [X86] Disable the INVPCID cpu feature.

nojitter [IA-64] Disables jitter checking for ITC timers.

no-kvmclock [X86,KVM] Disable paravirtualized KVM clock driver

no-kvmapf [X86,KVM] Disable paravirtualized asynchronous page
fault handling.

no-vmw-sched-clock
[X86,PV_OPS] Disable paravirtualized VMware scheduler
clock and use the default one.

no-steal-acc [X86,KVM] Disable paravirtualized steal time accounting.
steal time is computed, but won't influence scheduler
behaviour

nolapic [X86-32,APIC] Do not enable or use the local APIC.

nolapic_timer [X86-32,APIC] Do not use the local APIC timer.

noltlbs [PPC] Do not use large page/tlb entries for kernel
lowmem mapping on PPC40x and PPC8xx

nomca [IA-64] Disable machine check abort handling

nomce [X86-32] Disable Machine Check Exception

nomfgpt [X86-32] Disable Multi-Function General Purpose
Timer usage (for AMD Geode machines).

nonmi_ipi [X86] Disable using NMI IPIs during panic/reboot to
shutdown the other cpus. Instead use the REBOOT_VECTOR
irq.

nomodule Disable module load

nopat [X86] Disable PAT (page attribute table extension of
pagetables) support.

nopcid [X86-64] Disable the PCID cpu feature.

norandmaps Don't use address space randomization. Equivalent to
echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space

noreplace-smp [X86-32,SMP] Don't replace SMP instructions
with UP alternatives

nordrand [X86] Disable kernel use of the RDRAND and
RDSEED instructions even if they are supported
by the processor. RDRAND and RDSEED are still
available to user space applications.

noresume [SWSUSP] Disables resume and restores original swap
space.

no-scroll [VGA] Disables scrollback.
This is required for the Braillex ib80-piezo Braille
reader made by F.H. Papenmeier (Germany).

nosbagart [IA-64]

nosep [BUGS=X86-32] Disables x86 SYSENTER/SYSEXIT support.

nosmp [SMP] Tells an SMP kernel to act as a UP kernel,
and disable the IO APIC. legacy for "maxcpus=0".

nosoftlockup [KNL] Disable the soft-lockup detector.

nosync [HW,M68K] Disables sync negotiation for all devices.

notsc [BUGS=X86-32] Disable Time Stamp Counter

nowatchdog [KNL] Disable both lockup detectors, i.e.
soft-lockup and NMI watchdog (hard-lockup).

nowb [ARM]

nox2apic [X86-64,APIC] Do not enable x2APIC mode.

cpu0_hotplug [X86] Turn on CPU0 hotplug feature when
CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_HOTPLUG_CPU0 is off.
Some features depend on CPU0. Known dependencies are:
1. Resume from suspend/hibernate depends on CPU0.
Suspend/hibernate will fail if CPU0 is offline and you
need to online CPU0 before suspend/hibernate.
2. PIC interrupts also depend on CPU0. CPU0 can't be
removed if a PIC interrupt is detected.
It's said poweroff/reboot may depend on CPU0 on some
machines although I haven't seen such issues so far
after CPU0 is offline on a few tested machines.
If the dependencies are under your control, you can
turn on cpu0_hotplug.

nps_mtm_hs_ctr= [KNL,ARC]
This parameter sets the maximum duration, in
cycles, each HW thread of the CTOP can run
without interruptions, before HW switches it.
The actual maximum duration is 16 times this
parameter's value.
Format: integer between 1 and 255
Default: 255

nptcg= [IA-64] Override max number of concurrent global TLB
purges which is reported from either PAL_VM_SUMMARY or
SAL PALO.

nr_cpus= [SMP] Maximum number of processors that an SMP kernel
could support. nr_cpus=n : n >= 1 limits the kernel to
support 'n' processors. It could be larger than the
number of already plugged CPU during bootup, later in
runtime you can physically add extra cpu until it reaches
n. So during boot up some boot time memory for per-cpu
variables need be pre-allocated for later physical cpu
hot plugging.

nr_uarts= [SERIAL] maximum number of UARTs to be registered.

numa_balancing= [KNL,X86] Enable or disable automatic NUMA balancing.
Allowed values are enable and disable

numa_zonelist_order= [KNL, BOOT] Select zonelist order for NUMA.
'node', 'default' can be specified
This can be set from sysctl after boot.
See Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt for details.

ohci1394_dma=early [HW] enable debugging via the ohci1394 driver.
See Documentation/debugging-via-ohci1394.txt for more
info.

olpc_ec_timeout= [OLPC] ms delay when issuing EC commands
Rather than timing out after 20 ms if an EC
command is not properly ACKed, override the length
of the timeout. We have interrupts disabled while
waiting for the ACK, so if this is set too high
interrupts *may* be lost!

omap_mux= [OMAP] Override bootloader pin multiplexing.
Format: <mux_mode0.mode_name=value>...
For example, to override I2C bus2:
omap_mux=i2c2_scl.i2c2_scl=0x100,i2c2_sda.i2c2_sda=0x100

oprofile.timer= [HW]
Use timer interrupt instead of performance counters

oprofile.cpu_type= Force an oprofile cpu type
This might be useful if you have an older oprofile
userland or if you want common events.
Format: { arch_perfmon }
arch_perfmon: [X86] Force use of architectural
perfmon on Intel CPUs instead of the
CPU specific event set.
timer: [X86] Force use of architectural NMI
timer mode (see also oprofile.timer
for generic hr timer mode)

oops=panic Always panic on oopses. Default is to just kill the
process, but there is a small probability of
deadlocking the machine.
This will also cause panics on machine check exceptions.
Useful together with panic=30 to trigger a reboot.

OSS [HW,OSS]
See Documentation/sound/oss/oss-parameters.txt

page_owner= [KNL] Boot-time page_owner enabling option.
Storage of the information about who allocated
each page is disabled in default. With this switch,
we can turn it on.
on: enable the feature

page_poison= [KNL] Boot-time parameter changing the state of
poisoning on the buddy allocator.
off: turn off poisoning
on: turn on poisoning

panic= [KNL] Kernel behaviour on panic: delay <timeout>
timeout > 0: seconds before rebooting
timeout = 0: wait forever
timeout < 0: reboot immediately
Format: <timeout>

panic_on_warn panic() instead of WARN(). Useful to cause kdump
on a WARN().

crash_kexec_post_notifiers
Run kdump after running panic-notifiers and dumping
kmsg. This only for the users who doubt kdump always
succeeds in any situation.
Note that this also increases risks of kdump failure,
because some panic notifiers can make the crashed
kernel more unstable.

parkbd.port= [HW] Parallel port number the keyboard adapter is
connected to, default is 0.
Format: <parport#>
parkbd.mode= [HW] Parallel port keyboard adapter mode of operation,
0 for XT, 1 for AT (default is AT).
Format: <mode>

parport= [HW,PPT] Specify parallel ports. 0 disables.
Format: { 0 | auto | 0xBBB[,IRQ[,DMA]] }
Use 'auto' to force the driver to use any
IRQ/DMA settings detected (the default is to
ignore detected IRQ/DMA settings because of
possible conflicts). You can specify the base
address, IRQ, and DMA settings; IRQ and DMA
should be numbers, or 'auto' (for using detected
settings on that particular port), or 'nofifo'
(to avoid using a FIFO even if it is detected).
Parallel ports are assigned in the order they
are specified on the command line, starting
with parport0.

parport_init_mode= [HW,PPT]
Configure VIA parallel port to operate in
a specific mode. This is necessary on Pegasos
computer where firmware has no options for setting
up parallel port mode and sets it to spp.
Currently this function knows 686a and 8231 chips.
Format: [spp|ps2|epp|ecp|ecpepp]

pause_on_oops=
Halt all CPUs after the first oops has been printed for
the specified number of seconds. This is to be used if
your oopses keep scrolling off the screen.

pcbit= [HW,ISDN]

pcd. [PARIDE]
See header of drivers/block/paride/pcd.c.
See also Documentation/blockdev/paride.txt.

pci=option[,option...] [PCI] various PCI subsystem options:
earlydump [X86] dump PCI config space before the kernel
changes anything
off [X86] don't probe for the PCI bus
bios [X86-32] force use of PCI BIOS, don't access
the hardware directly. Use this if your machine
has a non-standard PCI host bridge.
nobios [X86-32] disallow use of PCI BIOS, only direct
hardware access methods are allowed. Use this
if you experience crashes upon bootup and you
suspect they are caused by the BIOS.
conf1 [X86] Force use of PCI Configuration Access
Mechanism 1 (config address in IO port 0xCF8,
data in IO port 0xCFC, both 32-bit).
conf2 [X86] Force use of PCI Configuration Access
Mechanism 2 (IO port 0xCF8 is an 8-bit port for
the function, IO port 0xCFA, also 8-bit, sets
bus number. The config space is then accessed
through ports 0xC000-0xCFFF).
See http://wiki.osdev.org/PCI for more info
on the configuration access mechanisms.
noaer [PCIE] If the PCIEAER kernel config parameter is
enabled, this kernel boot option can be used to
disable the use of PCIE advanced error reporting.
nodomains [PCI] Disable support for multiple PCI
root domains (aka PCI segments, in ACPI-speak).
nommconf [X86] Disable use of MMCONFIG for PCI
Configuration
check_enable_amd_mmconf [X86] check for and enable
properly configured MMIO access to PCI
config space on AMD family 10h CPU
nomsi [MSI] If the PCI_MSI kernel config parameter is
enabled, this kernel boot option can be used to
disable the use of MSI interrupts system-wide.
noioapicquirk [APIC] Disable all boot interrupt quirks.
Safety option to keep boot IRQs enabled. This
should never be necessary.
ioapicreroute [APIC] Enable rerouting of boot IRQs to the
primary IO-APIC for bridges that cannot disable
boot IRQs. This fixes a source of spurious IRQs
when the system masks IRQs.
noioapicreroute [APIC] Disable workaround that uses the
boot IRQ equivalent of an IRQ that connects to
a chipset where boot IRQs cannot be disabled.
The opposite of ioapicreroute.
biosirq [X86-32] Use PCI BIOS calls to get the interrupt
routing table. These calls are known to be buggy
on several machines and they hang the machine
when used, but on other computers it's the only
way to get the interrupt routing table. Try
this option if the kernel is unable to allocate
IRQs or discover secondary PCI buses on your
motherboard.
rom [X86] Assign address space to expansion ROMs.
Use with caution as certain devices share
address decoders between ROMs and other
resources.
norom [X86] Do not assign address space to
expansion ROMs that do not already have
BIOS assigned address ranges.
nobar [X86] Do not assign address space to the
BARs that weren't assigned by the BIOS.
irqmask=0xMMMM [X86] Set a bit mask of IRQs allowed to be
assigned automatically to PCI devices. You can
make the kernel exclude IRQs of your ISA cards
this way.
pirqaddr=0xAAAAA [X86] Specify the physical address
of the PIRQ table (normally generated
by the BIOS) if it is outside the
F0000h-100000h range.
lastbus=N [X86] Scan all buses thru bus #N. Can be
useful if the kernel is unable to find your
secondary buses and you want to tell it
explicitly which ones they are.
assign-busses [X86] Always assign all PCI bus
numbers ourselves, overriding
whatever the firmware may have done.
usepirqmask [X86] Honor the possible IRQ mask stored
in the BIOS $PIR table. This is needed on
some systems with broken BIOSes, notably
some HP Pavilion N5400 and Omnibook XE3
notebooks. This will have no effect if ACPI
IRQ routing is enabled.
noacpi [X86] Do not use ACPI for IRQ routing
or for PCI scanning.
use_crs [X86] Use PCI host bridge window information
from ACPI. On BIOSes from 2008 or later, this
is enabled by default. If you need to use this,
please report a bug.
nocrs [X86] Ignore PCI host bridge windows from ACPI.
If you need to use this, please report a bug.
routeirq Do IRQ routing for all PCI devices.
This is normally done in pci_enable_device(),
so this option is a temporary workaround
for broken drivers that don't call it.
skip_isa_align [X86] do not align io start addr, so can
handle more pci cards
noearly [X86] Don't do any early type 1 scanning.
This might help on some broken boards which
machine check when some devices' config space
is read. But various workarounds are disabled
and some IOMMU drivers will not work.
bfsort Sort PCI devices into breadth-first order.
This sorting is done to get a device
order compatible with older (<= 2.4) kernels.
nobfsort Don't sort PCI devices into breadth-first order.
pcie_bus_tune_off Disable PCIe MPS (Max Payload Size)
tuning and use the BIOS-configured MPS defaults.
pcie_bus_safe Set every device's MPS to the largest value
supported by all devices below the root complex.
pcie_bus_perf Set device MPS to the largest allowable MPS
based on its parent bus. Also set MRRS (Max
Read Request Size) to the largest supported
value (no larger than the MPS that the device
or bus can support) for best performance.
pcie_bus_peer2peer Set every device's MPS to 128B, which
every device is guaranteed to support. This
configuration allows peer-to-peer DMA between
any pair of devices, possibly at the cost of
reduced performance. This also guarantees
that hot-added devices will work.
cbiosize=nn[KMG] The fixed amount of bus space which is
reserved for the CardBus bridge's IO window.
The default value is 256 bytes.
cbmemsize=nn[KMG] The fixed amount of bus space which is
reserved for the CardBus bridge's memory
window. The default value is 64 megabytes.
resource_alignment=
Format:
[<order of align>@][<domain>:]<bus>:<slot>.<func>[; ...]
[<order of align>@]pci:<vendor>:<device>\
[:<subvendor>:<subdevice>][; ...]
Specifies alignment and device to reassign
aligned memory resources.
If <order of align> is not specified,
PAGE_SIZE is used as alignment.
PCI-PCI bridge can be specified, if resource
windows need to be expanded.
To specify the alignment for several
instances of a device, the PCI vendor,
device, subvendor, and subdevice may be
specified, e.g., 4096@pci:8086:9c22:103c:198f
ecrc= Enable/disable PCIe ECRC (transaction layer
end-to-end CRC checking).
bios: Use BIOS/firmware settings. This is the
the default.
off: Turn ECRC off
on: Turn ECRC on.
hpiosize=nn[KMG] The fixed amount of bus space which is
reserved for hotplug bridge's IO window.
Default size is 256 bytes.
hpmemsize=nn[KMG] The fixed amount of bus space which is
reserved for hotplug bridge's memory window.
Default size is 2 megabytes.
hpbussize=nn The minimum amount of additional bus numbers
reserved for buses below a hotplug bridge.
Default is 1.
realloc= Enable/disable reallocating PCI bridge resources
if allocations done by BIOS are too small to
accommodate resources required by all child
devices.
off: Turn realloc off
on: Turn realloc on
realloc same as realloc=on
noari do not use PCIe ARI.
pcie_scan_all Scan all possible PCIe devices. Otherwise we
only look for one device below a PCIe downstream
port.
big_root_window Try to add a big 64bit memory window to the PCIe
root complex on AMD CPUs. Some GFX hardware
can resize a BAR to allow access to all VRAM.
Adding the window is slightly risky (it may
conflict with unreported devices), so this
taints the kernel.